Diabetes Treatment Specialist

Michele Martin-Jones, MD

Family Medicine & Aesthetic Specialist located in Downtown, Baltimore, MD

With over 30 million Americans diagnosed with diabetes, this disease impacts almost 10% of the population. Dr. Michele Martin-Jones has over two decades of experience successfully treating patients who have diabetes. By combining traditional treatments with lifestyle counseling, she limits the condition’s progression and decreases its symptoms. If you’re located in the Baltimore area and looking for a family physician who can monitor your diabetes treatment, schedule an appointment with Dr. Martin-Jones today.

Diabetes Treatment Q & A

by Michele Martin-Jones, MD

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic condition that has serious and life-threatening consequences. When you have diabetes, your body stops producing insulin correctly and can no longer process glucose (blood sugar) into energy.

That impacts the body in two significant ways. First, cells don’t get the energy they need to function properly. Second, the sugar stays in the blood and negatively impacts your body’s organs, causing damage to your:

  • Eyes
  • Kidneys
  • Heart
  • Nerves

What’s the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes often starts during the teenage years and is more severe than Type 2. Referred to as insulin-dependent diabetes, it occurs when your immune system attacks the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas.

Type 2 diabetes is most often diagnosed after age 35 and is more common than Type 1. With this form of diabetes, your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin.

Some people with Type 2 diabetes become insulin resistant, which means their body doesn’t use the insulin present to convert blood sugars into energy.

How is diabetes treated?

Without treatment, both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes can lead to a coma, or even death. In the US, diabetes is the leading cause of:

  • Blindness
  • Amputations
  • Kidney and heart failure
  • Strokes

If you have Type 1 diabetes, Dr. Martin-Jones recommends monitoring your diet and using insulin injections to keep blood sugar regulated. If needed, she may also prescribe medications to prevent further complications.

Because Type 2 diabetes is often associated with obesity and a sedentary lifestyle, it can sometimes be treated through lifestyle changes. Dr. Martin-Jones may counsel you on:

  • Improving your nutrition
  • Lowering sugar intake
  • Exercising daily

If this isn’t enough to stabilize your blood sugar, she may prescribe medications that help your body produce more insulin and become more receptive to the insulin that’s present. She may also prescribe medications to reduce symptoms and protect your organs from damage.

If you need a doctor who has experience with diabetes management, contact Dr. Martin-Jones. Call to schedule an appointment or book it online now.